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 From: Sydney Langdon <AALAN@ASUVM.INRE.ASU.EDU> Regarding women giving advice: you might start with the women healers of the Spiritualism Movement in the 19th Century. See Alex Owen's _The Darkened Room_ for a discussion. I don't have the full citation in front of me, sorry. You might also look at the women healers who were not associated with the Spiritualism Movement. I don't have a specific citation for that in front of me, but you would find it under the general heading of 19th century health movement. For healers in either group, the movement provided an entree out of the domestic arena and a source of income which was, eventually, co-opted by the male medical establishement. You could also look at the Flexner Report (1910) and the medical commentary which supported it. Midwives are specifically singled out for "utilizing the material" the male Ob-Gyn's needed for their practice. the "material" of course if pregnant, living women. Good luck with your search. Sydney Langdon Depts of Anthropology & Women's Studies Arizona State University Tempe AZ 85287 -2402 (602) 965-2358 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *  From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Kathleen Jones) RE the search for material on the authority of women--psychics. The role played by midwives comes to mind immediately. Try Charlotte Borst's new book, Catching Babies (Harvard, 1995). And Laurel Ulrich's A Midwife's Tale. KJ Kathleen W. Jones Office: 540-231-8371 Department of History FAX: 540-231-8724 Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24061-0117