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It is my view that we reserve the term "feminism" to refer to the post-1966 phenomenon, which was the first women's movement to assert that women's biology did not *necessarily* bind her to a special role with respect to children. (Even Charolotte Perkins Gilman assumed that some woman would be doing childcare -- just not her.) It's hard enough to distinguish among all the modern variations of the term without taking on the burden of re-labelling and then offering new explanations of the label for groups who would never have used such a label for themselves. Even for the National Woman's Party, feminism meant something different from its contemporary meaning -- it was much narrower in significant ways and didn't really challenge the nexus between women and childcare. The question is why we want to use a label if it confuses rather than illuminates. If we describe activists on behalf of women with a specific term that refers to their specific brand of activism (e.g. "advocates of protective labor laws," versus "E.R.A. proponents"), we don't get into this fix. Such a strategy obviously does not preclude our discussing in other contexts what "feminism" really means and whether an older ideology can rightly be described in that way (although I do think that such discussions can easily lapse into anachronism). Cynthia Harrison Associate Professor History/Women's Studies Funger 506G The George Washington University 2201 G Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20052 telephone: 202-363-4356 e-mail: email@example.com fax: 202-994-7249