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The Atelier LORIN of Chartres, France filled three great churches here in the USA with their windows. In 1876-77 and 1883 Nicholas Lorin was commissioned to make most of the stained glass for St. Patrick's Cathedral. Besides the Lorin windows, there are great windows at St. Pat's from Great Britain, and the Lady Chapel contains glorious Connick windows. In St. Patrick's there are also at least nine major windows by Henry Ely of Nantes, France, including the massive South Transept window (facing 50th St). Interestingly, hammered cathedral diamond lights in the lower sacristy are said to be from the Tiffany Studios. In the St. Patrick memorial window near the South Transept there is a lower scene with a wonderful depiction including Nicholas Lorin, John Cardinal McCloskey--NY Archbishop who led construction of the Cathedral, the cathedral architect James Renwick, project supervisor Rev. John Farley and others gathered around a table reviewing architectural plans. In 1883 Nicholas Lorin also filled the huge "Eglise Episcopale St. Jean", aka St. John's Episcopal Church, in Washington DC. In 1912 the Lorin Studio, by then operated by Charles Lorin, was commissioned to fill the cathedral sized, Basilica style church of St. Jean Baptiste in NYC at Lexington and 76th St. with their windows. All the stained glass at St. Jean's is LORIN except the dome and transept transoms which are by the Daprato Studio. When visiting NYC, this glass is definitely a must see for stained glass professionals and enthusiasts. It's interesting that LORIN was commissioned to make stained glass for these grand cathedral size churches since a majority of the rest of the great New York Catholic churches from the turn of the century commissioned the Bavarian studios of Mayer or Zettler, with some from the Royal Bavarian Institute of Art (King Ludwig II's studio-the guy who built the most famous "Neuschwanstein Castle") for their stained glass. The St. Jean's NYC connection to the French is that the church is run by the order of the Blessed Sacrament Fathers originally from France. St. Jean's was established in NYC by a French missionary priest to serve the flourishing New York French Canadian Catholic community and the church was somewhat autonomous from the Archdiocese of New York. The French connection that led St Patrick's to the Lorin Studio is not particularly clear. St. Patrick's was built with donations from the vastly downtrodden population of Irish immigrants, and Germans as well. As far as I know, the Cathedral architect, James Renwick and architects he trained, including the famous Bertram Goodhue who partnered with Ralph Adams Cram, did not hire Lorin or other French companies for other ecclesiastical projects they undertook here. Interesting to note that the first Catholic priest to serve in New York was a French Jesuit who performed first RC sacraments in lower Manhattan in 1643. (Fr. Isaac Jogues) But something rather fascinating happened that may have led St. Patrick's to LORIN. The Cathedral signed building plans to begin construction in 1859 two years before the outbreak of the Civil War... during which time construction paused. During the Civil War the United States government contacted Archbishop Hughes of St. Patrick's (who established and spearheaded the cathedral project) for his "unique Statesmanlike qualities" and sent him on a diplomatic mission to the court of Napoleon III in 1861 to seek French support for the Union ("the Northern cause") in the civil war. Hughes died after his return to NY in 1864 before construction was resumed by Archbishop McCloskey after the war. So, perhaps that interesting journey to France led Hughes and Lorin to cross paths. Patrick Clark Sunlites Stained Glass, Rockaway, Queens, NYC --