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<firstname.lastname@example.org> Alongside the interesting discussion of Western images of Africa, I'd be interested to know if anyone has any references concerning Western images of pastoralists in Africa. It certainly seems as if contemporary biases (scholarly, development, popular) cluster around extremes: pastoralists are either pursuing an outmoded (and perhaps "irrational" ) production system, degrading the environment in the process, or they are highly adapted and struggling to preserve their ("noble" in coffee-table books) way of life. (This echoes the dichotomous popular views of Africa Hickey & Wylie discussed.) Of course the reality of African pastoralism is much more complex. What I'm requesting with this posting is any info on images of African pastoralists in literature & arts in Europe & N. America over the past century. Thanks in advance.