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 From: Bill Zimmerman <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: April 18, 2012 11:38:12 AM PDT In December, 1971, demonstrations occurred at the Philadelphia convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the nation's leading association of scientists. Inside, antiwar demonstrators from Science for the People disrupted seminars and speeches that had weapons implications or supported exploitive corporate practices. Outside, other antiwar demonstrators, led by activists from the American Friends Service Committee, staged a die-in. They had wrapped themselves in sheets smeared with blood. A couple of dozen sprawled out on the sidewalk outside the AAAS convention in a demonstration about how science was contributing to death and destruction in Viet Nam. Bill Zimmerman Zimmerman & Markman Political Consulting & Advertising www.zimark.com *****  From: Dean Blobaum <email@example.com> Date: April 18, 2012 11:38:54 AM PDT Use "die-in" or "lie-in" as a search term at http://www.apimages.com/ die-in: "Wednesday, August 09, 1978 Golden, Co.: Allen J. Ginsberg (C) is led from a demonstration at the Rocky Flats nuclear weapons plant after a 'die-in' in which 70 protesters were arrested.' Probably not the first use. Maybe the first use was in Japan? _____________________ Dean Blobaum firstname.lastname@example.org *****  From: Jesse Lemisch <email@example.com> Date: April 18, 2012 1:38:41 PM PDT this zipped in of its own will, before I had completed it as below: I'm sure there were die-ins before the 1980s, tho I can't document this beyond my earlier mention of a 1961 NY City Hall anti-nuke demo. Relevant also is the chant, "Hey hey, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today? "(Also, try not to throw up while reading in the New Yorker Caro's wonderment and delight as the mantle of power descends on LBJ on 11/22/63.) Jesse Lemisch *****  From: Casey-leininger, Charles (caseylcf) <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: April 18, 2012 2:33:19 PM PDT The Archives and Rare Books Library at the University of Cincinnati holds a nearly complete run from the late 1940s into the early 1980s of a newsletter named "The Peacemaker" the organ of a national radical pacifist group, Peacemakers, that included some well known anti-war activists (whose names now escape me, to my embarrassment). Although I don't know whether it did carry any stories of such events, it seems likely that it would have including the event mentioned by Jesse Lemisch as the Peacemakers had connections to Dorothy Day and Eamon Hennacy. In fact, I believe that was where I first heard about the two of them and the Catholic Worker Movement in the late 1950s and 1960s. Another place to look might be "Fellowship" magazine, the house organ of the Fellowship of Reconciliation. Fritz (Charles F.) Casey-Leininger, Ph.D. Adjunct Asst. Professor 353b McMicken Dept. of History University of Cincinnati email@example.com *****  From: jon pennington <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: April 18, 2012 6:12:24 PM PDT The Oxford English Dictionary is very helpful here. The first documented appearance of the word "sit-in" was in a 1937 reference to the auto workers sit-down strike in Flint, Michigan. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the use of the word "-in" as a generic suffix to refer to new protest tactics apparently only dates back to 1960, when the students at Greensboro revived the sit-in tactic. Oxford English Dictionary dates the earliest appearance of the word "die-in" to 1970. Looking a little deeper into Google News Archives, the earliest instance of "die-in" in that archive is in an April 21, 1970 UPI wire service article in the Milwaukee Journal about preparations for the first Earth Day. The relevant paragraphs say: "Thousands were expected to join a "survival march" and "festival of death" in Boston, wearing green armbands bearing the Greek letter theta--astrological symbol for death. The "festival of death" plans to include a creeping motorcade to Logan International Airport during the rush hour, a mock funeral and a "die-in" protesting airport noise and pollution." Note that "die-in" is in quotes, which suggests the word was new at the time. The next appearance of the term "die-in" in the Google News Archives is in a May 25, 1970 AP wire story also in the Milwaukee Journal, but about a protest against nerve gas in Seattle. "Formation of an Anchorage chapter of People Against Nerve Gas (PANG) was announced Sunday. A Seattle chapter of the same group which filed a court suit opposing shipment of the gas through the Northwest last week staged a "die-in" in downtown Seattle to symbolize what could happen if the gas escaped during shipment." Evidently, the "die-in" tactic spread from Boston on the East Coast to Seattle on the West coast in just a little more than a month. It appears that the "die-in" originated in the environmental movement, but its use in the anti-nerve gas protest might have introduced the tactic to pacifists and antimilitarists as well. A People Against Nerve Gas flier from 1970 suggests the event was framed as an antiwar protest, but the environmental/antiwar connection is also plausible. Here's the relevant flier from People Against Nerve Gas: http://depts.washington.edu/labpics/repository/v/antiwar/ludwigstrike/pang_ocr_op.pdf.html The Oxford English Dictionary's first documented use of die-in is in a June 8, 1970 Time article about the nerve gas protests. A search in JSTOR and in an online pay newspaper archive I subscribe to failed to come up with anything earlier than April 1970. Hope this helps, Jon Pennington *****  From: jon pennington <email@example.com> Date: April 18, 2012 6:24:58 PM PDT After looking into the Boston "festival of death" scheduled for the first Earth Day, this March 6, 1970 article from the Harvard Crimson came up: http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1970/3/6/ecology-action-plans-earth-day-for/ The opening paragraph states: Harvard Ecology Action (HEA) will sponsor a "die-in" at Logan International Airport to protest environmental pollution on April 22 as part of "Earth Day"--a national teach-in to increase ecological awareness. Note that "die-in" is in quotes, but teach-in is not. This suggests that "die-in" is a much newer word, whereas teach-ins had been publicized since 1965. Not sure, but we may have found the inventors of the "die-in." Sincerely, Jon Pennington *****  From: Daniel Ross <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: April 19, 2012 7:53:47 AM PDT Thank you all for your helpful replies. Daniel Ross