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Dear Electronic Colleagues: (1) I am taking the liberty of posting an article about the World Associa- tion for the Use of Satellites in Education (WAUSE), which I received from Prof. De Blasi when I met him last week in Washington, D.C. area. Best, Tak **************************************** World Association for the Use of Satellites in Education EDUCATION IN COMPUTING Vol. 2, No. 3 (September - December 1990), Pages 4 to 6. Problems of education have reached a global scale. Pressures to consider education with a very large scope, including several countries and regions, come indeed from the nature itself of economical and social life today. Technologies accelerate the process of globalization of knowledge. Following the general trend of globalization of problems and experiences, education has to see all the world as its natural context. An enlarged view of education asks for cooperation, which, although it expands frontiers, still maintains them. A 'second level' cooperation between organizations which have established cooperation internally is also possible, but it is far from reaching a full and rich achievement of results. This is in contrast with the above-mentioned scope of education, and with the progressive realization that there no longer exist boundaries in the culture of man in this day and age. The absence of local boundaries eliminates some characteristics of past education: a 'horizon' does not exist (or is continuously changing), 'reference points' are dynamic rather than static. The use of technologies for education has to take into account these new characteristics, in order to favour and promote global education. Satellite technology is eminently a global technology: each satellite can cover one third of the earth, and there are more and more satellites in the sky. Satellites have been successfully employed in several countries, which had problems of geographical enlargement of the 'scope' of the education. When attempting to use satellites in regions no longer of only one country, but of several smaller countries, a number of problems arise such as: different languages, cultures and traditions, but also contrasting economic interest and different political, educational and social systems. The natural expanding of the context for education is not the sole driving force in using technologies for education in wide area regions. Indeed bigger contexts also signify bigger markets, and education manages the most important and valuable resource in the world, 'knowledge,' the more valuable the more intensively and completely it is exchanged. Systems for knowledge exchanging and processing have to be really appreciated for their adding value to knowledge through structuring and rendering more exchangeable this primary good. So there are many interests, both for public and private organizations, from actively participating in the process of creating and maintaining this type of systems. In order to guarantee and ordered development of the application of satellites in global education, and to favour cooperation between organiza- tions which are active in the fields of education and satellites, the constitution of a World Association for the Use of Satellites in Education with the following aims, has been promoted: 1 Promote cooperation in producing and using educational materials through satellites 2 Realize agreements for the use of satellites, help educational organi- zations in obtaining channels 3 Promote cooperation between organizations 4 Support the creation of communication infrastructures for educational and research purposes 5 Create a staff of experts both in Education and in Satellite technolo- gies, who can support educational organizations in using satellites 6 Participate in international educational project 7 Promote standardization of educational systems 8 Conceive educational projects which exhibit continuity in their reaching more isolated countries and accelerate their development 9 Study the systematic integration of other communication technologies, in order to increase interaction and multimedia communication 10 Promote and organize scientific meetings on the subject of satellites in education. November, 1990 Mario De Blasi List of founding members at the date of drafting of this document: o Community of Mediterranean Universities (CMU) o EUROSTEP o Institute of Information Sciences - University of Bari, Italy o European School Project (ESP) o Center for Innovation and Cooperative Technology - University of Amsterdam o Educational Global Resources for Entrepreneurial Technologies (EGRET), USA o Education in Computing and Computer in Education (EC) Newsletter o National Technological University (NTU), USA o Global University in the USA (GU/USA), USA o International Association for Continuing Engineering Education (IACEE) o Radio Televisione Italiana (RAI), Rome o Intellink, Rome o Telespazio, Rome For any information about the Association, its next developments, and how to participate as founding members contact: Mario De Blasi Instituto di Scienze dell'Informazione - Universita di Bari via G. Amendola, 173 - 70126 BARI Italy tel: +39 80 243277 fax: +39 80 2431962 A note on the World Association by Anna Gentile The proposal for the constitution of a World Association for the Use of Satellites in Education is going ahead thanks to the enthusiasm and to the zeal of people from several parts of the world. But let us start from the beginning. From May 17th to 23rd 1990, 150 scientists and educators from the USA, Europe and Eastern countries were invited to propose projects of coopera- tion in education on board the Alexei Surkov, sailing out of Leningrad, during the East/West Seminar on New Technologies in Education, sponsored by: Institute of New Technologies, USSR; International Society for Techno- logy in Education (ISTE), School Project, Soviet Academy of Sciences; Soviet Peace Found; University of Hartford, USA. During this Seminar, Prof. Mario De Blasi launched, on behalf of the CMU, a proposal of a World Association with the aim of guaranteeing an ordered development of the application of satellites in global education and of favoring cooperation between organizations which are active in the fields of education and satellites. As soon as the proposal was made, it found an immediate and enthusiastic acceptance from the organizations present. In June, Prof. De Blasi sent the first draft for a rationale underlying the constitution of the Association to all the above-mentioned organiza- tions. Some of these took the laudable initiative of sending the draft to other international bodies, broadening the group of interested parties. Indeed, many other people who shared the intents and purposes of this Association, sent adhesion letters expressing their wish to participate. The draft ended with an invitation to meet and discuss the matter together in Sant Feliu de Guixols, Spain, on 13th of September, as guests of the International Meeting EACT '90 on Education and Application of Computer Technology, organized by the CMU (announced in EC Newsletter, 2,2). At the Meeting in Sant Felie the following people participated: M. De Blasi (Chairman), L. Amrosi (President CMU), E. Scerri (Vicepresident CMU), L. N. Mavridis (President EUROSTEP), A. Gentile (Editor EC Newsletter), G. R. Johnson (on behalf of NTU), S. L. McCourtney and S. R. Lucke (EGRET), H. Sligte (President of CICT and ESP), F. M. Galante (Intellink). The Round Table reviewed a first draft of the statute of the Associa- tion. It was agreed that the Association should not concern itself with the production of programs, but rather with the problems associated to worldwide promotion of education and training programs delivered via satellites. The Association should be a forum where solutions to the problems of using satellite for education, be they legal, administrative, regulatory, economic or technical, would be identified and actions taken to solve the same for the benefit of its members and the easy access to education and training in general. In the next Meeting, that will be held in Orlando on November 29, 1990, on the occasion of the MICRO 23 meeting (November 27-29), there will be examined proposals for the name, seat, specific projects, calendar for the legal creation of the Association, and the general rules for members' admission and eligibility. EC Newsletter is happy to host all announcements about the initiatives and projects of the Association, hoping in this manner to give a useful contribution in a field such as this, in which it has been involved since its first appearance. ********************************************************************** * Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D. * * President, Global University in the U.S.A. (GU/USA) * * A Divisional Activity of GLOSAS/USA * * (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) * * 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A. * * Phone: 718-939-0928; EIES: 492 or TAK; * * WU EASYLINK: 62756570, WU TELEX 386131 (GIS USA) * * SprintMail: TUTSUMI/GU.USA/ASSOCIATES.TNET * * INTERNET: email@example.com * **********************************************************************