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Contents ----- 19th Century ----- 1. Civil War Anniversary: 1861 Author Adam Goodheart Discusses an Amazing New Exhibition of Soldier Portraits. (Photos) - by David Plotz - Slate Magazine by: n/a at: <http://www.slate.com/id/2291312/> ... 2. Civil War Navy Displays at the Smithsonian | to the Sound of the Guns by: n/a at: <http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2011/04/23/cw-navy-smithsonian/> ... 3. The Civil War’s Legacy in New York : the New Yorker by: n/a at: <http://www.newyorker.com/talk/comment/2011/05/09/110509taco_talk_gopnik> ... 4. French Intervention in Mexico: Mexicans Win on Cinco De Mayo! by: n/a at: <http://militaryhistory.about.com/b/2011/05/04/french-intervention-in-mexico-mexicans-win-on-cinco-de-mayo.htm> May 5, 1862 - Mexican troops are victorious at the Battle of Puebla (right). After retreating in the face of advancing French troops, General Ignacio Zaragoza elected to turn and give battle at the fortified city of Puebla. Selecting a strong defensive position on high ground, Zaragoza anchored his line on Forts Loreto and Guadalupe. Arriving at Puebla, the French commander, Major General Charles de Lorencez, assessed the situation and, against the advice of subordinates, decided to attempt storming the heights. Moving forward on May 5, the French assault was preceded by an artillery bombardment. Though supported by the heavy guns... 5. Othering (Continued) by: Brooks D. Simpson at: <http://cwcrossroads.wordpress.com/2011/05/01/othering-continued/> A few days ago I offered what I saw as a mildly interesting exercise in the art and practice of “othering” — that is, of constructing an image of what someone supposes the “other guy” believes in order to justify oneself. Perhaps I was being a little too subtle, a little too indirect. Some people [...]... 6. The Man in Grant’s Tomb by: Brooks D. Simpson at: <http://cwcrossroads.wordpress.com/2011/05/01/the-man-in-grants-tomb/> Sometimes friends disagree, and this is one of those cases where they do. Today on Salon there appears a commentary by Joan Waugh offering a summary of Ulysses S. Grant’s life story and an assessment of how Americans remember him. According to Waugh, they don’t hold him in very high esteem, despite the fact that [...]... 7. Lincoln on Liberty and Tyranny by: Brooks D. Simpson at: <http://cwcrossroads.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/lincoln-on-liberty-and-tyranny/> On April 18, 1864, Abraham Lincoln offered the following remarks to a sanitary fair raising funds in support of the Union war effort. That the fair took place in Baltimore was of especial note, since Lincoln offered his remarks on the eve of the third anniversary of the mob attack on the 6th Massachusetts back [...]... 8. 6-Pdr Guns in the “Iron Age” by: Craig Swain at: <http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2011/04/28/american-6-pdr-fg-pt-1/> Let me resume discussion of 6-pdr field guns, picking up from the earlier post about guns from the colonial and revolutionary period. At the close of the War of 1812, the U.S. Army had on hand a wide array of … Continue reading →... 9. Model 1835 6-Pdr Field Gun by: Craig Swain at: <http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2011/04/30/model-1835-6-pdr-field-gun/> Continuing my discussion of the American 6-pdr field gun, I move on to the first of the “bronze age” guns – the Model 1835. As noted in the previous post, in the first decades of the 19th century, the Army … Continue reading →... 10. The Army Goes “Light” – the Models 1838 and 1840 6-Pdrs by: Craig Swain at: <http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2011/05/02/model-1838-6-pdr-fg/> Closing off the last post on 6-pdr field guns, I noted the Army was not completely satisfied with the Model 1835 6-pdrs. The issue was field handling. As the chart of 6-pdr bronze field guns demonstrates, the next model, designated … Continue reading →... 11. Trial and Error: Experiments With 6-Pdrs by: Craig Swain at: <http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2011/05/03/experimental-6-pdrs/> Yesterday I left off discussing correspondence between the Ordnance Board and the Secretary of War Joel Roberts Poinsett in 1840. In his letter of March 5, 1840, Poinsett instructed the Army officers to drop their desired compatibility with older guns, … Continue reading →... 12. The Black Press Reacts to Fort Sumter by: Donald R. Shaffer at: <http://cwemancipation.wordpress.com/2011/04/24/the-black-press-reacts-to-fort-sumter/> With 90 percent of African Americans in bondage in 1861, it is easy to forget free people of color (about evenly split between North and South). In the North, where free African Americans did not live under quite as tight the restrictions of their southern counterparts, a small African-American press even came into existence although the publications tended to have a fleeting existence. One of these publications was the Weekly Anglo-African published from 1859 to 1862 in New York City. Civil War Emancipation dealt with this newspaper a week ago in regard to its April 13, 1861 edition... 13. Ben Butler Appeases Maryland Slaveholders by: Donald R. Shaffer at: <http://cwemancipation.wordpress.com/2011/04/25/ben-butler-appeases-maryland-slaveholders/> In the history of slave emancipation in the United States, Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler is an unlikely, but real hero. Civil War Emancipation has already addressed how Butler by declaring slaves “contraband of war” in late May 1861 helped make Union-controlled territory a refuge for escaped slaves and in the process was the first Union official to undermine slavery in a major way. By asserting that slaves when they were the property of disloyal owner were subject to seizure, Butler provided a legal justification that did not immediately challenge slavery’s legality (politically essential in Spring 1861), but in the... 14. Jefferson Davis and William Lloyd Garrison Agree by: Donald R. Shaffer at: <http://cwemancipation.wordpress.com/2011/04/29/jefferson-davis-and-william-lloyd-garrison-agree/> There were perhaps no two men more different in the early days of the Civil War than Jefferson Davis and William Lloyd Garrison. Davis, a Mississippi planter and slaveholder, was Provisional President of the Confederacy, dedicated to slavery’s preservation. William Lloyd Garrison, an activist and newspaper editor based in Massachusetts, had since the early 1830s advocated the immediate and uncompensated abolition of slavery. To Garrison, slavery was an egregious sin and moral stain on the nation which could not be tolerated. To Davis, slavery was a benign institution, beneficial to all parties concerned (including the slave), integral to southern identity... 15. Ed Ayers on Civil War Causes by: Donald R. Shaffer at: <http://cwemancipation.wordpress.com/2011/05/01/ed-ayers-on-civil-war-causes/> This past Thursday’s Disunion in the New York Times has an interesting but disturbing piece by Edward L. Ayers, President of the University of Richmond, and noted historian of the Civil War and the American South, entitled “The Causes of the Civil War, 2.o.” In it, Ayers highlights an apparent disconnect between academic historians and the public over Civil War causes. While academic historians since the late 1960s generally have agreed that slavery was the principal cause of the war, Ed Ayers, citing a recent poll by the Pew Research Center, notes that 48 percent of the public believe... 16. Thinking About Gary Gallagher’s Union by: Kevin Levin at: <http://cwmemory.com/2011/04/23/thinking-about-gary-gallaghers-union/> I just finished reading Gary Gallagher’s new book, The Union War, which in some ways functions as a companion volume to The Confederate War – published back in 1997. Both studies offer highly readable critiques of a wide swath of Civil War historiography with an eye toward pointing out gaps in the literature. In the earlier [...]... 17. Drew Faust Reflects on War Narratives by: Kevin Levin at: <http://cwmemory.com/2011/05/04/drew-faust-reflects-on-war-narratives/> You should definitely take a look at Drew G. Faust’s NEH 2011 Jefferson Lecture, titled, “Telling War Stories: Reflections of a Civil War Historian.” [pdf] It is incredibly thoughtful. [Click here for David Blight's introductory remarks.] I think Faust effectively explains the difficulty of trying to capture the horrors of war as well as the [...]... 18. Sherman and Mcclellan: Myths and Realities by: Mark Grimsley at: <http://civilwarriors.net/wordpress/?p=2936> On May 7, Ethan and I will both be speaking at a Civil War symposium in Springfield, Ohio. My topic is “The Election of 1860.” His is “Battles and Leaders.” Recently the local newspaper interviewed us; since the reporter didn’t want to intrude on our presentations, he took the interviews in other direction. Here’s what we [...]... 19. Ken Burns DiscUSSes the Civil War by: email@example.com (Matthew T. Eng) at: <http://civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/2011/04/ken-burns-discusses-civil-war.html> You’re watching You’ve Got Ken Burns. See the Web's top videos on AOL Video... 20. Building a Civil War Navy Bibliography by: firstname.lastname@example.org (Craig Swain) at: <http://civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/2011/04/building-civil-war-navy-bibliography.html> Many readers will over the course of the sesquicentennial will expand, or in some cases start, a Civil War library. Perhaps historians may not have placed as much emphasis on the naval aspects of the war compared to the land campaigns, but the naval history of the war has a share of good, solid scholarship for readers.One of my personal projects over the next few months is to fill out my Civil War Navy bibliography. I approach this first by defining the "shelves" or categories to file the volumes. For a start, let's go with the categories defined within the... 21. Thompson (Ed.): "Tejanos in Gray: Civil War Letters of Captains Joseph Rafael De La Garza and Manuel Yturri" by: email@example.com (Drew@CWBA) at: <http://cwba.blogspot.com/2011/05/thompson-ed-tejanos-in-gray-civil-war.html> ... 22. How the "Lost Cause" Poisoned Our History Books by: firstname.lastname@example.org (dw) at: <http://obab.blogspot.com/2011/05/how-lost-cause-poisoned-our-history.html> from salon.com. . .]Ulysses S. Grant, the commanding general of the Union Army and the 18th president of the United States, would have been 189 years old last week -- not long after the "official" opening of the Civil War Sesquicentennial, which will run through 2015.Grant -- like George Washington and Dwight D. Eisenhower -- was both a professional warrior of a defining war and a twice-elected president. And like Washington and Eisenhower he dominated his era, which in his case encompassed both the Civil War and its aftermath, called Reconstruction, from 1862 (when he rocketed to fame with his defeat of... 23. A Brief Chronology of the 23rd Regiment, United States Colored Troops by: email@example.com (Jimmy Price) at: <http://sablearm.blogspot.com/2011/04/brief-chronology-of-23rd-regiment.html> ... 24. Britain's Last WWI Veteran Dies at the Age of 110 by: firstname.lastname@example.org (Jimmy Price) at: <http://overthere1.blogspot.com/2011/05/last-wwi-veteran-dies-at-age-of-110.html> ttp://www.perthnow.com.au/news/world-war-1-hero-claude-choules-our-oldest-man-to-turn-110/story-e6frg12c-1226050397048... 25. Union Jacks: Yankee Sailors in the Civil War by: email@example.com (Laura Orr) at: <http://civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/2011/04/union-jacks-yankee-sailors-in-civil-war.html> Historians have given a great deal of attention to the lives and experiences of Civil War soldiers, but surprisingly little is known about navy sailors who participated in the conflict. In our second luncheon lecture of 2011, Michael J. Bennett will be discussing his book, Union Jacks: Yankee Sailors in the Civil War. Through his research, Bennett has found that sailors differed from their counterparts in the army in many ways. They tended to be a rougher bunch of men than the regular soldiers, drinking and fighting excessively. Those who were not foreign-born, escaped slaves, or unemployed at the... 26. The Stone Fleet by: firstname.lastname@example.org (Laura Orr) at: <http://civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/2011/04/stone-fleet.html> The sinking of the Stone Fleet-Harper's WeeklyOn April 19, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln issued his Proclamation of Blockade against Southern Ports, which led to the creation of the Blockade Strategy Board. The Board included four members: Captain Samuel DuPont, Commander Charles Henry Davis, Major John Barnard (of the US Army), and Alexander Bache (from the Smithsonian Institution and US Coast Guard Survey). Early in the war, one of the Board’s ideas to successfully blockade the South involved using a “Stone Fleet.” As Harpers Weekly reported in December 1861, “The [Stone] fleet is comprised of old whalers, which have been... 27. The Confederate Cruiser That Got Lost in the Mail by: email@example.com (Sarah A. Adler) at: <http://civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/2011/05/confederate-cruiser-that-got-lost-in.html> During the Civil War, there were two naval vessels called the CSS Georgia. But did you know there was almost a third?In 1864, the Confederate Navy commissioned the building of a warship in France. However, by the time it was finished it was embargoed by the French government and wound up as a Peruvian warship called America. The America wound up washed ashore in 1868 thanks to a nasty tidal wave.... 28. Franklin Wheeler by: Steve Soper at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/MenOfTheTheThirdMichiganInfantry/~3/pASW8TstXs4/franklin-wheeler.html> Franklin Wheeler was born in 1838.In 1860 there was a New York-born 20-year-old laborer named Franklin Wheeler working for a miller named parsons in Saline, Washtenaw County; also living in Washtenaw was a tailoress named Jane O. Wheeler, born 1815 in New York.Franklin stood 5’11’’ with hazel eyes, dark hair and a dark complexion and was 23 years old and possibly living in Kent County, Michigan, when he enlisted as a wagoner for Company F on May 13, 1861. He was serving as the Adjutant’s clerk from July of 1862 through September, as a clerk at... 29. Oscar Newman Whitney by: Steve Soper at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/MenOfTheTheThirdMichiganInfantry/~3/Kl13KODQNm4/oscar-newman-whitney.html> Oscar Newman Whitney was born in 1842 in Kent County, Michigan.(He may have been related to Oscar Whitney, brother of Abraham Whitney and son of Zerah Whitney, married to Electa, and who died in 1849 and is buried in Whitneyville cemetery in Cascade, Kent County, Michigan.)In 1850 Oscar may have been the same Oscar Whitney, 8 years old living with Connecticut native Dennis and New York-born Sally Hines in Cannon, Kent County. In 1860 there was an 18-year-old farm laborer named Newman Whitney who, along with 76-year-old Connecticut native Zerah Whitney were living... 30. John Wesley Whittaker by: Steve Soper at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/MenOfTheTheThirdMichiganInfantry/~3/_mXPjSH6jWs/john-wesley-whittaker.html> John Wesley Whittaker, alias “Warfield,” was born on August 9, 1840, in either Cherry Valley or Picton, Ontario, Canada, the son of Buel C.John left Canada and came to western Michigan sometime before the war broke out.He stood 5’9” with blue eyes, auburn hair and a light complexion and was a 20-year-old mechanic, lumberman and farmer probably living in Newaygo County when he enlisted with the consent of the Justice of the Peace in Company K on May 13, 1861. John was on detached service from the end of August, 1861, and allegedly deserted on June 16 or... ----- World War I ----- 1. Bleakly Hall by: George Simmers at: <http://greatwarfiction.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/bleakly-hall/> It is 1920. Monty is a nurse who has come to work at Bleakly Hall, a run-down hydropathic institution, which during the War had been turned into a military hospital. This is run in a haphazard way by the two Blackwood brothers, both damaged by the War, one physically, the other psychologically. She has her own reasons for coming there, since she has matters to settle with Captain Foxley, a permanent guest at the hydro, whom we soon realise is a chaotic and dangerous character. The story begins to unfold as sharp, cleverly-written social comedy, but soon there... 2. Queen and Matrons by: firstname.lastname@example.org (Sue Light) at: <http://greatwarnurses.blogspot.com/2011/05/queen-and-matrons.html> The Daily Telegraph, 11 May 1918 In the 'Court Circular' a few days ago the announcement was made that the Queen had received Miss Margaret MacDonald, R.R.C., Matron-in-Chief of the Canadian Army Nursing Service, Miss Evelyn Conyers, R.R.C., Matron-in-Chief of the Australian Nursing Service, and Miss Mabel Thurstan, R.R.C., Matron-in-Chief of the Nurses of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. It was a gracious and spontaneous thought on the part of her Majesty, and it has behind it a significance far greater than might at first sight appear. All the nursing of the war has... ----- World War II ----- 1. The U.S. Army Really Screwed Up the Trial of Perpetrators of the Malmedy Massacre by: Thomas E. Ricks at: <http://ricks.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2011/04/28/the_us_army_really_screwed_up_the_trial_of_perpetrators_of_the_malmedy_massacre> One of the more notorious incidents of World War II was the massacre late in 1944 of at least 70 American PoWs in Malmedy, Belgium, by an SS unit led by Col. Joachim Peiper. I knew about that, but not about the screwy trial of the perps two years later. Thrice-blessed Fred Borch III tells the tale in the new issue of Army Lawyer. If your copy hasn't yet arrived, here's the story: Of the 73 German soldiers tried near Dachau in 1946, all were found guilty, and 43 were sentenced to be hanged by the neck until dead... 2. Debating Bombing and Foreign Intervention — II by: Brett Holman at: <http://airminded.org/2011/04/16/debating-bombing-and-foreign-intervention-ii/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=debating-bombing-and-foreign-intervention-ii> After Philip Noel-Baker's opening speech on 21 June 1938, the prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, replied for the government. He began by touching briefly on the Japanese invasion of China, in a way which interestingly foreshadowed something he said just over three months later: if it were not that China is so far away and the scenes which are taking place there are so remote from our everyday consciousness, I think the sentiments of pity, [horror] and indignation which would be aroused by a full appreciation of those events might drive this people to courses which perhaps they have never... 3. Defending and Making Willunga by: Brett Holman at: <http://airminded.org/2011/04/27/defending-and-making-willunga/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=defending-and-making-willunga> A belated Anzac Day post. Willunga is a small town in South Australia, not far south of Adelaide, not far from the coast. It was settled by Europeans in 1839, only a couple of years after the colony itself was established. It was a farming area, cattle mostly, and slate quarrying soon became an important industry. By 1860, it had its own militia unit: the Willunga Rifle Volunteers (or Volunteer Rifles, or Willunga Company -- the name varies from source to source). Why did a small country town need a defence force? There are two reasons that occur to me. The... 4. Debating Bombing and Foreign Intervention — IIi by: Brett Holman at: <http://airminded.org/2011/05/04/debating-bombing-and-foreign-intervention-iii/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=debating-bombing-and-foreign-intervention-iii> So let's have a look at the responses to Chamberlain's response to Noel-Baker's parliamentary motion of 21 June 1938. First up was Sir Archibald Sinclair, leader of the Liberal party. He was mainly concerned with foreign policy more generally, asking whether the recent Anglo-Italian agreement was not intended as part of an effort by Mussolini and Hitler to isolate France: Aerodromes are being constructed near the frontiers of France, and within easy striking distance of the munition industries of the south-west of France. On the borders of Spain, on the German frontier, the Italian frontier, the Balearic... 5. Every Evening by: Brett Holman at: <http://airminded.org/2011/05/04/every-evening/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=every-evening> I don't usually do pathos for the sake of pathos, but while reading Juliet Gardiner's The Blitz: The British Under Attack (London: Harper Press, 2010), 316, I came across an account of loss which I've read before, and which I still find as moving as I did the first time. The speaker is an elderly air raid warden from Hull. The street was as flat as this 'ere wharfside -- there was just my 'ouse like -- well, part of my 'ouse. My missus was just making me a cup of tea when I come 'ome. She were in the passage between... 6. Tobruk Diaries: Falling From Above by: Carlie Walker at: <http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2011/04/25/tobruk-diaries-falling-from-above/> Bryant’s diary: Friday 25th April 1941 We spent all day making dug-outs and erecting wire. Our area was bombed by German aircraft but without result. I was at company H.Q. at the time and the Sergeant-Major was pointing out to the Captain the new British bombers. Next we heard a whistle, then a roar and [...]... 7. Herr Semperer Und Frau Keppelmeier! a 1942 Nazi Austrian Poster Campaign by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/O7dlejEJATE/herr-semperer-und-frau-keppelmeier-1942.html> Tad found a great collection of Nazi Propaganda that has been collected by a college professor in Michigan, Randall Bytwerk. I've shown plenty of WW2 propaganda posters but the majority have been from the Allied side of the war and I'm using this opportunity to showcase the types of propaganda used by the Germans and will be highlighting some of these posters over the next few months. I liked this collection of posters because they tell a story. Here's the background that Randall provides (the image comments are also his): I came across this set of six posters produced by... 8. Review of a Mighty Fortress by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/HBX3e7voguw/review-of-mighty-fortress.html> + A much different book and one I give four stars to is A Mighty Fortress: Lead Bomber Over Europe by Charles Alling. This is both a memoir and a meditation on war, violence, and the loss of so many friends. "How can anyone brace himself for the horrors of war? And if you think about it too much, you can hardly go on." Curiously, the author learned to fly in an open cockpit training plane in my very small town of Orangeburg, South Carolina which is the last thing I expected to come across reading this book. I have... 9. From a Mighty Fortress by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/2JABOyonCow/from-mighty-fortress.html> Excerpts from A Mighty Fortress: Lead Bomber Over Europe by Charles Alling. The B-17 handled well, but flying in tight formation was exhausting, especially in heavy flak. We were flying wingtip to wingtip with our wing tucked inside the one in front of us. The strategy was to hug the plane whose wing you were flying off. That would discourage enemy planes from diving through the formation. On one occasion, an anti-aircraft shell went clean through the starboard wing and made a large hole. The anti-aircraft shell had traveled five miles straight up and through the wing... 10. New York Times Reporter Killed in Bombing Raid by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/Nsci5vD6Hew/new-york-times-reporter-killed-in.html> + Denton Scott inside a B-17. On 26 February 1943, a group of six American war correspondents including Robert Post of the New York Times and a very young Walter Cronkite, were divided among six different bombers of the US 8th Air Force and flew a mission against the U-Boat shipyards in Wilhelmshaven. The six men had received a week of training in aspects of high altitude flight operations including how to fire the .50 caliber machine guns on the bombers. If one of the gunners was killed or wounded then the correspondents would have been expected to... 11. USS Indianapolis by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/D8dLnbaXueU/uss-indianapolis_22.html> I've spoken previously about the USS Indianapolis and my father's time on it. Commissioned in November 1932, the Indy spent most of the 1930's on goodwill missions. She spent the first few months of World War Two in the South Pacific before heading to Alaska to participate in the campaign there against the Japanese in the Aleutians. In late 1943, she became the flagship of Admiral Spruance and during 1944 and 1945 participated in operations in the Gilbert Islands, Marshall Islands, Marianas Islands, Peleliu Island, Iwo Jima, the Japanese home islands, and the Ryukyus. Her final mission was to... 12. The Best Years of Our Lives by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/N0SSzp3m_xQ/best-years-of-our-lives.html> + Part 1 - Part 2 The documentary Clark Gable made is called Combat America. I will discuss it at more length in a subsequent post but first let me discuss the 41 minute documentary which completely overshadowed it and which was shot on the same base. That documentary is the famous The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress which was made by one of Hollywood's greatest directors, William Wyler. Like Gable, Wyler also flew on five missions and was awarded the air medal although he had all the film he needed by the end of the fourth mission... 13. The Best Years of Our Lives by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/JxoRdFD5MCw/best-years-of-our-lives_28.html> + Part 1 - Part 2 After making the classic documentary The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress, Wyler began work on what would become his greatest masterpiece and one of the best American films ever made according to the American Film Institute. This classic movie is The Best Years of Our Lives which was released in 1946. I've seen this movie four or five times over the decades and it remains emotionally powerful no matter how many times you see it. The film won 8 Academy awards (1 honorary and 7 standard) the same number as Gone With... 14. USS Indianapolis - Presidential Flagship by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/SBnj_SX9yfM/uss-indianapolis-presidential-flagship.html> I've spoken previously about the USS Indianapolis and my father's time on it. Commissioned in November 1932, the Indy spent most of the 1930's on goodwill missions. She spent the first few months of World War Two in the South Pacific before heading to Alaska to participate in the campaign there against the Japanese in the Aleutians. In late 1943, she became the flagship of Admiral Spruance and during 1944 and 1945 participated in operations in the Gilbert Islands, Marshall Islands, Marianas Islands, Peleliu Island, Iwo Jima, the Japanese home islands, and the Ryukyus. Her final mission was to... 15. Review of the Fall of Fortresses: a Personal Account of the Most Daring, and Deadly, American Air Battles of World War II by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/e13c9RXhMns/review-of-fall-of-fortresses-personal.html> + The Fall of Fortresses: A Personal Account of the Most Daring, and Deadly, American Air Battles of World War II by Elmer Bendiner (4 stars) This is one of the best memoirs by an actual participant in the US bombing campaign over Germany and German occupied Europe. The author was 25 which meant he was a few years older than the average crewman and he had a maturity the others did not. He had worked as a journalist and had an eye for detail and was married with a child on the way. So his adult life had already... 16. From the Fall of Fortresses: a Personal Account of the Most Daring, and Deadly, American Air Battles of World War II by: Charles McCain at: <http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CharlesMccain/~3/o0IGk8OF-Ik/from-fall-of-fortresses-personal.html> The Fall of Fortresses: A Personal Account of the Most Daring, and Deadly, American Air Battles of World War II by Elmer Bendiner (4 stars) One of the many pleasures of this book is the very good writing. The author made his living as a writer and it shows. He had a sure hand with the English language. In January 1943 I found myself a second lieutenant with silver wings. I bought myself a handsome belted trench coat and a pair of pinks [US Army dress uniform for an officer — the air force did not become a separate service until... 17. Montgomery, Air Power, and the Battle of the Mareth Line by: Ross at: <http://thoughtsonmilitaryhistory.wordpress.com/2011/04/26/montgomery-air-power-and-the-battle-of-the-mareth-line/> Is it not always the case that once you have written something and it has gone to the publishers that you find something that would have added tot he depth of the piece in question. Well that is what happened this past Thursday when I was doing some research at the Liddell Hart Centre for [...]... 18. Our First Day in Gallipoli – Simpson Prize 2011 by: Stuart Baines at: <http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2011/04/21/our-first-day-in-gallipoli-simpson-prize-2011/> Ari Burnu to the SphinxLeaving the lights and glitz of Istanbul behind us we made our way down to Gallipoli today. It is important for the students to get a feel and understanding for the Turkish culture and the people before they come to ANZAC cove and the battlefields. It was a fun bus ride, [...]... 19. Going to the Front – Simpson Prize 2011 by: Stuart Baines at: <http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2011/04/22/going-to-the-front-simpson-prize-2011/> looking from Plugge's to the SphinxThere was just too much to tell about today so I will try and give you all a brief rundown and some of the highlights. Today we tried to trace some of the key points on the ANZAC line. We tried to put ourselves in the shoes of those men [...]... 20. Naval Actions and a Broken Record – Simpson Prize 2011 by: Stuart Baines at: <http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2011/04/23/naval-actions-and-a-broken-record-simpson-prize-2011/> Dardanelles from Dardanos batteryToday was a day spent away from the battlefields to give us a chance to learn more about the naval campaign. The day started visiting the ancient city of troy and although it is not directly related to the 1915 actions it is interesting because it really speaks to the history of [...]... 21. Anzac Day at Gallipoli – Simpson Prize 2011 by: Stuart Baines at: <http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2011/04/25/anzac-day-at-gallipoli-simpson-prize-2011/> Wreath ordeley dutiesWell today was the day, the pinnacle of the experience and certainly a big part of why these students entered the prize. The day started for us with a midnight wake up call. We needed to allow plenty of time to beat the traffic and certainly to get as close as we can [...]... 22. The Last Days and Hours – Simpson Prize 2011 by: Stuart Baines at: <http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2011/05/03/the-last-days-and-hours-simpson-prize-2011/> Well like most great things, they do have to come to an end. As quickly as it seemed to begin the Simpson Prize trip for 2011 has wound up. The last few days were a blur of buses, shopping and food. It seemed that everyone wanted to get their last empty spaces in their cases [...]... 23. Profile 44 - "28" as Flown by Harold Thune by: email@example.com (JSM) at: <http://ww2fighters.blogspot.com/2011/04/profile-44-28-as-flown-by-harold-thune.html> And there it is. 28 - a workaday F6F-5 as flown by Lt. Harold Thune of the USS Intrepid, circa Fall, 1944.Yesterday morning, Harold signed prints of my hack, passing them down the table to his son, a US Senator, where he too penciled his name. But the star of this moment was not Senator John Thune. Nor was it me. Nor was it Harold. It was the camera man from the local TV station who had shown up to document the event. For whatever it's worth, I dedicate this print of Harold's Hellcat to...him.If you were there... ----- Cold War ----- 1. Diary Entry 65: Saigon, Friday Night, 24 September 1965 by: firstname.lastname@example.org (J.R. Clark) at: <http://vietnamwarclerksdiary.blogspot.com/2011/04/diary-entry-65-saigon-friday-night-24.html> Saigon Friday Night, 24 September 1965Today has just been a real long day. One of those where you feel just kinda washed out and a little worn. Kinda pushed myself to get things done, and I reckon the physical and mental strain is kinda catching up with me so will try to ease off tomorrow if I can and will try to take Sunday afternoon off. Guess it is a good thing that I can recognize when work overruns me so that arrangements can be made to try to relax a little.Couldn’t sleep tonight so it really is not Friday... ----- Post-Cold-War ----- 1. A Beast in the Heart of Every Fighting Man - NYTimes.com by: n/a at: <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/01/magazine/mag-01KillTeam-t.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all> ... ----- Misc/Thematic ----- 1. Gettysburg Casino Win by: Craig Swain at: <http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2011/04/15/gettysburg-casino-win/> Yesterday the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board rejected the proposal to locate a casino adjacent to Gettysburg National Military Park. The Civil War Trust posted details yesterday in a press release. This is certainly welcome news, and worth a toast all … Continue reading →... ----- For subscription help, go to: http://www.h-net.org/lists/help/ To change your subscription settings, go to http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/wa?SUBED1=h-war -----