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The William Nelson Cromwell Foundation Cromwell Dissertation Prize for 2012 went to “The Liberal Compromise: Civil Liberties, Labor, and the Limits of State Power, 1917-1940,” Laura M. Weinrib, Princeton University. Citation: In this gracefully written, deeply researched and incisively presented study, Laura Weinrib offers a sophisticated account of how the current American conception of civil liberties emerged. The study rests not only on a sure command of the secondary sources but on a careful examination of the papers of the ACLU--in particular its early records and those of its predecessor organization--between the two World Wars. Weinrib demonstrates how an initial theory of civil liberties, aligned with a commitment to labor radicalism and a "right of agitation" by the working-class, gradually developed into a commitment to a politically neutral protection of the civil rights of each individual as embodied in the Bill of Rights. Weinrib traces this transformation through a series of contested organizational shifts during the 1920s and 1930s and shows how this evolving vision of civil liberties shaped the post-New Deal constitutional order and left a legacy far different from earlier understandings. Honorable mention: “From Slave to Litigant: African Americans in Court in the Post-War South, 1865-1920,” Melissa Milewski, New York University.