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dax@TRINIDAD.NET In _Citizen And Subject_ Mahmood Mandami notes: Both Britain and France ended the local recruitment of colonial administrators between 1890 and 1914 and reorganized the colonial administration into a formal service along lines of the upper echelon of the metropolitan bureaucracy. The corollary of district-level decentralization was that the agents of district administration were recruited, trained and placed from the centre. This was not simply a territorial shift, from local to metropolitan recruitment, but also a change in social emphasis. During the 1920s, the Colonial Office began to recruit administrators chiefly from Oxbridge. (p.77) I have two queries in connection with this: 1) Was there a similar shift in recruitment by the Dominions Office for the three High Commission Territories (Bechuanaland, Swaziland and Basutoland)? For the Basutoland administration my impression is that the spurt of recruitment post-1945 came mainly from 'Oxbridge-types' and that there were sometimes tension between them and an older generation of administrators recruited from South Africa. 2) In their recent book, _Doctrines of Development_, Cowen and Shenton make much of the concept of trusteeship in their exploration of the roots of development (they trace ideas about development back to 19th century French positivist thought). Though it stresses the continuity in ideas, _Doctrines of Development_ does not directly connect-up 19th century European thinking about development with 20th century colonial thinking on development in Africa (Cowen and Shenton did explore this in a an earlier article in _Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History_ and I think it is their long-term project to fully address this issue). Has anybody done any work on the shift in recruitment noted by Mamdani and the rise of colonial development policy, specifically in the context of trusteeship? Any comments? References: Mamdani, M. _Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism_ (James Currey, London, 1996) Cowen, M.P. and Shenton, R.W. _Doctrines of Development_ (Routledge, London, 1996) Cowen, M.P. and Shenton, R.W. 'British Neo-Hegelian Idealism and Official Colonial Policy in Africa: the Oluwa Land Case of 1921' _Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History_, 22, 2, 1994, pp. 217-250 > email@example.com > tel: +(1)809-628-7344