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1. Date: Thu, 27 Feb 1997 From: Stephen Rockel, University of Toronto <firstname.lastname@example.org> Vellut is absolutely right to draw attention to Bontinck's edition of Tippu Tip's autobiography. It is the definitive work, and the notes and bibliography are extremely valuable in their own right. I have found that it is best used in conjunction with Whitely's (or Whiteley's - the name is spelled both ways in his works) edition because the latter includes the Swahili original. Thus the reader has versions in three languages (Swahili, English and French) at hand. This is useful in cases where there is a difference of opinion over translation or interpretation or, as I have found, chronology. I mentioned only Whitely's version in my original posting because it is perhaps more accessible for English speakers, and because the original request for information was in relation to a book being prepared for teenage readers, not advanced scholars. In addition, surely the year of the translation is irrelevant. The more important question is its quality. But I agree, Bontinck's edition is much the better one. 2. Date: Thu, 27 Feb 1997 From: Jane Landers, Dept. History, Vanderbilt University <landerjl@ctrvax.Vanderbilt.Edu> You might want to include Juan Garrido, a free black who travels from Africa to Lisbon to Seville and takes part in all the Caribbean wars with Spanish conquerors like Juan Ponce de Leon with whom he explores Florida. He later joins Hernando Cortes in the conquest of the Aztec empire and explores California with him. See Ricardo Alegria's book, _Juan Garrido, el Conquistador negro en las Antillas, Florida, Mexico y California c. 1503-1540_ published in 1990 in San Juan, and an earlier article by Peter Gerhard in _Hispanic American Historical Review_ 58(3)1978, pp.451-459.