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On-line editor: Janet R. Goodwin <firstname.lastname@example.org> H-JAPAN (E) June 20, 2011 (1) From: Georg Blind <email@example.com> Re: empirical evidence on "flyjin" vs. "fryjin"; ample statistics available This is both a response to an earlier question on this list, and a comment to Dana Buntrock's post. Concise entry and departure statistics are available from Ministry of Justice: http://www.moj.go.jp/housei/toukei/toukei_ichiran_nyukan.html The latest available tables are for March 2011. Total "gaijin" departures were about 1% down from March 2010. In contrast, US citizens were down about 20%; citizens of European countries about 5%. As soon as available, April data will show the full extent of the exodus if corrected for overall fluctuation (e.g., from a comparison of February to April changes in 2010). While interesting as an individual observation, Dana Buntrock's gaijin counts, are methodologically highly questionable. The following - not too serious example - might illustrate this: let's define "fryjin" as foreigners working in Japanese KFC restaurants. Let's assume one would count fryjin presence in 10 different locations in Tokyo. Would that yield a reliable picture of the "fryjin" situation? 1. The mere count of "fryjin" would need to be compared to the number of Japanese staff. - How many Japanese did Dana Buntrock count during her survey? 2. How many "fryjin" were there one year ago; i.e., was there a change in the number of "fryjin"? - And putting 1. and 2. together, was there some change in the share of "fryjin"? 3. Are observations at Tokyo KFC restaurants representative for the whole country? In that sense, the church example is by far more telling than the street counts. Best, Georg ____________________________ Georg Blind Research Fellow and Lecturer The University of Zurich Institute of East Asian Studies 8032 Zurich Switzerland (2) From: Cecilia <firstname.lastname@example.org> With respect, I am not sure how constructive it is to be adopting the term "flyjin". Though the term may appear to be cute and clever, in reality in the Kanto area in particular it is a loaded word that in some circles has become derisive and abusive. The term flyjin trivialises the reality that there is an evacuation zone in place and that there is a serious radiation problem - the extent of which is still not clearly determined. It also fails to consider that people who left were in many cases acting on embassy advice or company instructions. I have been in Tokyo since the earthquake, except for a Golden Week sojourn in Tohoku, with no thought of leaving but have been dismayed at the macho vitriol around who stayed and who left. It's disappointing to see the term being picked up unproblematised in academic circles. A spot count of conspicuous foreigners on the streets of Tokyo tells nothing about the numbers of people who have left Tokyo. In particular it ignores a distinction between residents (short and long term) and tourists. It also ignores the fact that most foreigners (both resident and tourists) are Asian. A spot count that has no control, defines foreigners in racial terms (which probably labels Chinese, Korean, Taiwanese, Singaporeans and many other SE Asians as Japanese) and conflates people that have actively left with people that decided not come, is meaningless. For the dip (plunge) in foreign visitor numbers the Ministry of Justice data is much more useful. http://www.tourism.jp/english/statistics/inbound.php Cecilia Fujishima Tokyo ------------------------------------------------------------------------ You can manage your H-Japan subscription at H-Net Subscription Management Page without requiring the use of LISTSERV commands by email. Change of address operations, digest requests and temporary mail suspensions can be handles by using this page. The link to this page is: http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/manage.cgi